Skip to main content

Full text of "California Garden, Vol. 1, No. 1, July-August 1909"

See other formats


Fifty Years of Growing 

The San Diego Floral Association was organized in 1907 by a group of 
garden amateurs. Two years later, California Garden sprang full blown from 
the fertile mind of Alfred D. Robinson, president of the club. As editor, on and 
off, for two decades, he fed the monthly with his delightful humor, while horti- 
cultural experts like Miss Kate Sessions, rose specialist E. Benard, George Hall of 
"Little Landers" colony, and many others, cultivated each column. 

R. R. McLean, followed by Silas Osborn, both of the U.S. Dept. of Agricul- 
ture, ploughed on for the next ten years. Thomas McMullen and Roland S. Hoyt 
kept the roots alive during the depression and World War II, until, in 194,5, 
Alfred Hottes remodeled it into a four season quarterly. 

Today the San Diego Floral Association presents a facsimile of the first two 
numbers of its 1909 California Garden as its "Summer" edition, Vol. 50, No. 2. 
We believe this garden magazine is the only one in the United States to be pro- 
duced by its original sponsors over a period of fifty consecutive years. 

The "Autumn" issue for 1959, double in size and circulation, will celebrate 
the "Golden Jubilee" of California Garden. It will present the garden picture of 
the last fifty years from the horse-and-buggy, trolley, and gaslight stage to this 
space age; a span that covers the introduction of subtropical fruits and orna- 
mentals, so familiar to us now, most of our parks, rose development and other 
stories, all under well-known by-lines, plus telling excerpts from our own files. 
You will not want to miss Vol. 50, No. 3, the Anniversary Number. Ask for it 
at your local nursery. 

"Summer" edition, Vol. 50, No. 2. 


Published Quarterly by the 


Sponsored by the San Diego Park and Recreation Dept., 

Balboa Park 

San Diego 1, California 

Membership, including California Garden subscription, 
$3.00 per year, to above address. 

Second Class Postage paid at San Diego, California 



Published Monthly by the San Diego Floral Association 


Vol. 1 San Diego, California, July, 1909 No. 1 



The California Garden makes its bow to the good folks of San Diego, with 
this, its first issue. It desires to be confidential, and frankly state how it comes 
to be published, and what it hopes to accomplish. In the first place, it is the offi- 
cial organ of the San Diego Floral Association, the objects of which are all to- 
wards a more beautiful city, a city of gardens — taking advantage of its wonderful 
climatic conditions and realising some part of its possibilities floriculturally. In 
addition to faithfully recording the doings of the association, it proposes to give 
practical and timely information with regard to the flower garden and the vege- 
table patch. It will tell each month how to take care of that which is already 
growing, and what to plant beside. And the information will be furnished by 
local authorities from their own experience. Indigenous plants of merit will be 
dealt with in special illustrated articles, and the latest introductions in the floral 
world, worthy of a trial in this locality, will be brought to the attention of its read- 
ers. Though the publications devoted to gardening in the United States are 
most numerous and meritorious, they utterly fail as guides in San Diego. No 
rain in summer, no snow or frost in winter, a green and growing land at Christ- 
mastide, entirely upset their calculations. Florally San Diego is a law unto itself, 
and this magazine hopes to emphasize the workings of that law. The California 
Garden has already secured the support of most of the local authorities upon sub- 
jects within its province. It has in preparation articles of great interest relating 
to local plants, shrubs and flowers, and it intends to open a query box for the 
many new-comers, and almost as numerous old residents, who just want to know. 

Like all the activities of the San Diego Floral Association, this, its organ, is 
engineered by volunteers. Its object is purely to make more effective the efforts 
of the association, so the subscription for a year has been fixed at the nominal 
sum of twenty-five cents, in the expectation that its circulation will be large and 
widespread. It should be in every house, whether there is a garden attached or 

The California Garden 



The July garden demands consider- 
able work — and principally watering. 
The flowers and grass rejoice in a good 
sprinkling late in the afternoon and 
evening, and during the warmer 
weather it is much more beneficial — but 
do not withhold water because it is hot 
and sunny. Irrigate rather than sprin- 
kle — and be very generous. Much 
mulching helps out the hard work of 
constant cultivating at this time, and is 
very beneficial to the plants. Coarse 
sawdust, or sawdust that has been 
used for stable bedding, is cheap, con- 
venient and of use to the soil, — and, 
above all, it brings no weeds. 

July is just the month for Bougain- 
villea planting or transplanting. Large 
plants can be moved with bare roots, if 
handled carefully, and not too severely 
pruned back — also the winter flowering 

The charming Watsonias should be 
transplanted at this time, and your 
oxalis and freesia bulbs dug, ready for 
resetting (if you wish to do so) in 

One of the chief needs is the pinching 
back of the central shoot of all younor 
carnation plants. Thev should be the 
size of a saucer, at least, before they are 
allowed to bloom. 

Asters are growing fast now. and 
must be generously cultivated and can 
be spraved until the flower buds beo-in 
to show color, and after that irrigated. 

The chrysanthemums need their last 
ninchinp- back, if laree and busv plants 
are desired, and iudiciouslv thinned, if 
onlv one of three stems are to remain. 
From now on they must have constant 
and eenerous care — plentv of water and 
mulchinp* and even fertilizer. Stakes 
in abundance must be manV readv and 
nlans for shading the best blooms 
^ono-ht out. 

Tn the winter we certainly enfov all 
and anv flowers, and manv of the com- 

mon spring annuals may be made to 
bloom from December on, if planted 
during the next thirty to fifty days — 
such as seed of corn flower, scarlet flax, 
California poppy, bellis or daisy — for 
the winter borders, cosmos, phlox, cen- 
taureas, stock, calendula, marigolds and 
mignonette. The latter should be 
planted in succession, three weeks 
apart, and not too much at a time — 
but whoever had too much mignonette? 
Besides, if it is like a weed over the 
garden it is most welcome and effective ; 
and seeds scattered in the shade of 
shrubs or trees, or even under rose 
bushes, will often grow better than in 
the open. Establishing a bed of seed- 
lings at this time is constant care, and 
result are often not generous, but it 
pays. Mignonette, in particular, likes 
plenty of water to germinate well; and 
all the seeds need, is shading with brush 
or a light mulch of straw or very coarse 

If the violet bed has not been thinned, 
runners cleaned off, or a new bed made 
— do so at once. It is a precaution to 
those not experienced to save some of 
the old violet plants in their places — but 
trim out the old stems. Cut back the 
rankest leaves; fertilize well with pul- 
verized manure, and water generously 
from now on. For plants like violets 
and pansies the fertilizer must be 
thoroughly mixed with the soil. 

Ferneries and begonia beds can be 
planted or added to with good results 
before the fall, but after August the 
growth is not satisfactory, though it 
gives excellent results the next year. 
Those who go to the mountains with 
their own conveyance, or can ship in a 
few sacks of leaf mold from beneath 
the old oaks, should do so, for nothing 
is better for the ferns and begonias. 

In the way of trimming, verv little 
is needed now, excepting the roses may 
take some trimming of old flowers and 
seeds and flower stem wood. They are 
making their summer growth and bloom 
now, and during August and September 

The California Garden 

will need to be kept dryer and allowed 
to rest. 

All vines are growing fast, and can 
be directed and trained now with good 

Smilax should be transplanted and 
started on at once. If it has already be- 
gun to make new shoots, and they are 
6 to 12 inches long, better thin out the 
bulbs and place strings for the shoots 
left. Every two years, at least, smilax 
should be overhauled, for it grows so 
rank here that it is impossible to grow 
it in strings useful for cutting — if too 
old. Smilax does best on the north side, 
the east being second choice. 

Any evergreen trees or shrubs that 
are needed should be hurried into the 
ground, and all palm planting should 
be done at once. It is a very excellent 
plan to look up a matured specimen of 
the palm you wish to plant, measure it 
and observe it, and plant accordingly. 
Lots of blunders in planting would 
thus be avoided — in fact, it applies to 
all plants, but trees and palms in par- 
ticular. One must consider their size 
at ten to fifteen years at least — if not 
fifty years. 



After the exertion of spring bloom- 
ing, the roses, as a general thing, are 
resting, and now is a good time to clean 
them up. All shoots that have borne 
blooms should be shortened at least half, 
and those that are weakly, or growing 
in an undesired manner, removed. A 
good feed of bone meal or barnyard 
manure may be given with advantage. 
This is best accomplished by making a 
trench round isolated bushes, or between 
rows, in regular rose gardens, putting 
in the fertilizer, then filling the trench 
with water, two or three times will do 
no harm, and covering when the ground 
will work without puddling. Never put 
fertilizer up to the stems of roses, re- 
member they feed from the end of the 

roots, not the stem, and cultivate the 
whole ground whenever you have time, 
and see that you do take time, anyway 
after every watering, at least once 
every three weeks. Barnyard manure 
can be used quite fresh ; in fact it is bet- 
ter so than the evaporated refuse usu- 
ally supplied as well-rotted manure, if 
sufficient moisture to prevent too much 
ferment is also given. The juices, so to 
speak, of the manure, form the plant 
food, not the bulk, though the latter has 
its use in supplying the humus quality 
to the soil. Fertilizing now will very 
much improve the fall crop of blooms, 
as it will stimulate root action, and this 
is where the flowers begin. 

Anyone who desires to try budding, 
can practice now, the process is simple 
and so well known that space cannot be 
given in this article to describe it. Bud- 
ded roses seem to do better than ones on 
their own roots in this climate, with a 
few exceptions, and the stock that gives 
best satisfaction is Rosa Canina, or 
Rosamond. The Manetti, so generally 
used a few years back, gives a quick 
growth, but is short-lived. 

This being a half dormant time with 
roses, stock grown in boxes can be safely 
planted out, in spite of the prevailing 
idea to the contrary. Such will give a 
crop of bloom in the fall and will be in 
first-class shape for the spring. In case 
anyone desires to plant now, some com- 
ments on proven varieties for this sec- 
tion are indulged. 

In whites Kaiserin Augusta Victoria 
is unquestionably the best, in spite of the 
furore excited by Frau Karl Druschki. 
This latter in spite of its dazzling white- 
ness and immense size is not of good 
form, is apt to be short in stem, is poor 
as a summer bloomer, and is subject to 
mildew, in all of which points the Kais- 
erin excels. Pope Leo XIII has much 
merit — hardy in growth, splendid in 
foliage, it yields freely its peculiar, 
though pleasingly formed blooms. 

The White Cochet is really a yellow, 
especially when well grown, shaded with 

The California Garden 

pink. Others, on the yellow order, are 
Marie Van Houte, Coquette de Lyon, 
Sunset, Perle de Jardin, Joseph Hill and 
Georges Schwartz. The last, a glorious 
color, hut a feehle grower. 

Of the pinks, Maman Cochet must 
come first as a constant hloomer and 
grower. Caroline Testout is a lovely 
color. Duchess de Brabant, everyone 
knows. La France seems to have en- 
tirely lost its constitution. Bridesmaid is 
srooci and Madame Abel Chatenav, a 
shaded pink, is most excellent. 

General Mc Arthur, a new red, is prov- 
ing its merit. It has a delightful odor, 
grows vigorously, maintains its color 
well, and blooms constantly. Ulrich 
Bruner still is in the first rank of reds; 
Richmond is promising; the old favorite, 
Papa Gontier, holds its own, but the 
American Beauty and Magna Charta 
turn magenta in our eternal sunshine. 

Among the Twlyantha, Cecile Bruner 
holds first place, as it does among all 
roses, with most growers. Both bush 
and climbing sorts are equally fine. 
Perle d'Or is of a similar type, but buff 
where Cecile is pink. 

Dorothy Perkins, a rather new pink 
climber, of a rambler type, is the rage 
just now. It grows like a squash vine, 
only faster, and comes into a pink glow 
of bloom in June, when most of the other 
varieties have gone on strike. For ar- 
bors, pergolas and trellises, it is not to be 
matched. Other good climbers are 
Beauty of Glazenwood, a sunset glory; 
Reve d'Or yellow, Madame Alfred Car- 
riere white, Lamarque white, W. A. 
Richardson orange, climbing Papa Gon- 
tier red, white and pink Cherokee, the 
pink a new introduction of surpassing 

By no means all the roses of merit in 
this locality have been mentioned, but 
those that have been are safe, except 
where otherwise noted. 



Subscriptions for The California Gar- 
den received by Rodney Stokes, 860 
Third Street. 

While in the East garden operations 
in July are confined to simply caring for 
what has been sown or planted, and the 
idea of extension is not considered, in 
this all-the-year-growing-climate each 
month brings its new order of garden 
succession of planting. While less is 
planted in July than any other month of 
the year, yet it is an important month 
because it is largely preparatory to the 
following months of active garden work. 
It is a month of active cultivation, and 
where, as has been the case this season, 
the months of May and June have been 
exceptionally cool, the probabilities are 
that the autumn months will make up 
for the spring deficiency of warmth by 
an extended season of warm, growing 
weather, far into the opening winter 
months. It is wise, therefore, to plant 
more corn for later table use, and the 
delicate Casaba melons should be 
planted for late bearing, and even more 
melons of every sort will be prolific and 
hastened on during the warmer months 
to come, which will soon open upon 
us. Both the Broad English and 
dwarf bush beans can be profitably 
planted, as well as late cabbage plants 
and cauliflower seed, to be ready for 
planting next month for the early winter 
crop. Egg plant, peppers and tomatoes 
should be well cared for to stimulate 
rapid growth, and tomatoes may be 
'layered" down to take root for new 
plants, which may be cut away from the 
parent plant as soon as they have formed 
good roots ; plants can also be set out for 
late bearing in order to get well stocked 
with green fruit that will ripen during 
the months when the night temperature 
will range down about 40 to 50 degrees 
and the day temperature not above 70 — 
rather too cool for successful polleniza- 
tion, but excellent for growing and rip- 
ening of the fruit. Kale for fowls, let- 
tuce, parsnips and peas are in the order 

The California Garden 

of vegetable procession. Sweet pota- 
toes can be planted with the assurance 
the crop will mature and the ground 
should be prepared by plowing in man- 
ure for the planting of Irish potatoes in 
August. It is always in order to plant 
more radishes, and with the application 
of nitrate of soda in water keep them 
growing rapidly, which gives crispness. 
Spinach seed should be sown ; also Swed- 
ish turnips, better known perhaps as 
rutabagas — they thrive better in warm 
days than the white or strap leaves. 
For fodder sorghum may be sown in 
drills, as may corn and millet, dhura 
corn and kaffir corn. It is a good month 
to plant all citrus fruits, loquats and 
guavas. All transplanting should be 
done in the evening, so the cool and 
shade of the night and possibly the next 
morning may aid the plant in recovering 
from its shock. Water all transplanted 
growth well; cultivate to a dust, mulch 
everything after irrigation, run water in 
drills next to plants rather than sprinkle 
too much, which is deceptive ; you do not 
get as much water to the plant as you 
think you do. Put manure in liquid 
form and apply direct to the roots to 
ensure steady growth and no lapse from 
hunger. Prepare ground by manuring 
and plowing in, for strawberries to be 
planted next month. Get good runners 
from plants that have not been impov- 
erished by over-bearing. 

Peas and beans should be sulphured 
if they show signs of coming mildew, and 
even when planting a little sulphur sown 
in the drills with the peas will be a good 
preventative against the mildew, but if 
not a complete preventative, use it by 
dusting on as soon as the peas are above 

Use Bordeaux mixture if tomatoes 
show any signs of brown spot, and the 
saturated solution — as much as will dis- 
solve in the water you take — and ap- 
plied to the fruit that shows signs of 
spotting, will be a cure, if persistently 

For black aphis on melons cover the 

vines with a tub tightly edged with soil, 
and put under the tub over the vine a 
small dish of bi-sulphide of carbon — in- 
flammable like gasoline — a cure also for 
"jumping beans" that have insects inside 
of them. Cover the vines completely in 
road dust for twelve hours, then wash 
with clean water, and the greasy black 
aphis will be rolled off in the dust which 
adheres to their sticky bodies which ser- 
iously object to a bath. 

A repellant against almost any kind 
of "bugs" is crude carbolic acid mixed 
with lime flour or dust and sprinkled 
around the base of the plants. 



Exceeding all other poppies in the 
world is this half shrubby, perennial- 
rooted plant, six to fifteen feet high, 
with sage green leaves and immense 
bright white, crumpled silken flowers, 
six to nine inches in diameter. It is a 
native to the ravines and stream banks 
of Southern California, from Santa 
Barbara county to Ensenada, Lower 
California. It was discovered about 
1832 by Dr. Thomas Coulter, and was 
dedicated to his astronomer friend, Dr. 
Romney Robinson. The original of 
this sketch was a stray seedling in a 
San Diego garden about fourteen years 
ago. It differs from the two types 
growing wild about Otay and Jamul 
and other sections. Note the very 
smooth and pointed bud, the half-open- 
ed bud, the very large stamen cluster, 
the large and deeply cleft leaves. The 
other varieties have rounded hairy 
buds and smaller leaves, and there is 
never seen a half-opened bud; the flow- 
ers have a more circular appearance 
and are not so large. 

The Romneya is difficult to propa- 
gate and transplant. About October 15 
the plants should be severely trimmed 
back and after the first rains, or No- 

The California Garden 


The California Garden 

vember 1st, transplant those that are to 
to be moved. They should not be moved 
unless absolutely necessary. They spread 
and increase by underground shoots 
until a clump will soon occupy a large 
space. They may also be propagated 
by root cuttings in the fall in the nurs- 

It is possible to cut half-blown buds, 
like the subject illustrated and ship as 
far as San Francisco, and they will 
open up large and perfect. 

Every Southern California garden 
should grow this plant, and it is to be 
hoped that- the nucleus now in the City 
Park will some day occupy at least ten 

This poppy is the treasured plant of a 
few English gardeners, and it has been 
grown in Vermont for three years with 
careful winter protection. It thrives in 
the light soil of Coronado, as it requires 
a well-drained location. 

This flower is one of the most diffi- 
cult to paint, and is only occasionally 
well done. San Diego's artist, Mr. A. 
L. Valentine, is one who can equal na- 
ture, and his sketches of this flower will 
help bring fame to this deserving queen 
of wild flowers. 



To give prizes for the best home gar- 
dens by children, now familiar to us, 
was more novel and unknown nearly 
three years ago, when the Russell Prizes 
were first offered, than we might sup- 
pose. A plot of ground at a school 
house, in which the scholars shall have 
a little piece to grow things, is a much 
older idea; but such does not beautify 
the ground about the many homes of the 
children, although the school garden 
may lead to the improvement of the 
home later. 

It seems that to the City of Waltham, 
Mass., is due the honor of first offering 
prizes to the children for the best home 

gardens, for this they did first in 1906, 
only one year before San Diego — and 
the -writer knows of no other city to 
precede us in this excellent work. In 
the spring of 1907, when Mrs. J. W. 
Russell first offered prizes, it was un- 
known to her that such was done the 
year before in Waltham. 

"The City Beautiful'' idea for San 
Diego, may be said to have been born in 
a meeting of the San Diego Art Asso- 
ciation, March, 1907, at which Mrs. 
Russell was present. 

This city, for which nature has done 
everything and man next to nothing, 
Mrs. Russell wished to see in all respects 
made beautiful, and happily thought of 
interesting the many school chil- 
dren. At the next monthly meet- 
ing of the Art Association, she 
made a formal offer of prizes to 
be awarded under their auspices. In 
making this offer, she said: "As a 
means of interesting the school chidren 
to improve their back yards, which they 
may think of as their own little city to 
make beautiful, I am glad to offer a 
series of cash prizes." The idea was 
thought well of from the first, and the 
work undertaken and carried on for two 
vears by an excellent committee, with 
Mrs. A. H. Sweet, as chairman. 

Our Floral Association, which was 
organized after the above work was 
Parted, was recently thought by Mrs. 
Russell and others to be the one most 
naturally adapted to carry on the work. 
It was therefore transferred to our As- 
sociation. Mrs. T. J. Daley, who had 
been formerly interested in this work, 
was aopointed chairman. 

The past season a total of 2 IS 
scholars, in the seven public schools, en- 
tered the contest for prizes; 190 con- 
tinned in the contest. This latter number 
were furnished free transportation to 
Tent City, Coronado, for a day's outiiur. 
62 contestants received prizes, and 13 
others had done so well with their war- 
dens as to receive honorable mention. 
The daiiy papers have recently given 


The California Garden 

such full accounts of last season's work 
that further mention in this brief article 
is not necessary. 

The work has had the hearty approval 
of Superintendent of Public Schools 
Mr. McKinnon, the principals and 
teachers. General Robe early showed 
his appreciation by the offer of twelve 
gold fountain pens each year for neat- 
ness in the garden. The late George 
Cook, engineer, gave $10.00, as did 
also Mrs. M. German. Mr. George P. 
Mall and Miss Kate Sessions and others, 
have aided ; and may always be counted 
upon as friends of the children in their 
effort to make San Diego a City Beau- 

Tn 1906, The Waltham Home Gar- 
den Association was formed. Its work 
has grown rapidly. The great Waltham 
Watch Co. last year added $75.00 cash 
to the prizes offered by the Association. 

It is hoped that great things will be 
done each succeeding year by the San 
Diego Floral Association, and their 
friends, in this home garden work by 
the children. "Lend a hand." 

Annual Meeting of San Diego Floral 



The San Diego Floral Association 
will hold its July meeting the evening 
of the 13th, with Mrs. Jarvis L. Doyle, 
3328 G Street. Members are request- 
ed to bring with them floral specimens, 
and to be prepared to consider the best 
means of maintaining an exhibit in the 
Chamber of Commerce rooms. The 
question of preliminary work for the 
fall exhibition will also be discussed. 

Dues of the Association for the year 
4 09-'10 are now payable to the Secre- 
tary, Rodney Stokes, 860 Third street, 
or L. A. Rlochman, 635 Fifth street. 

Floral Association members who are 
out of town for an outing must bring 
to the club meetings reports of plant 
life which thev have observed — and 
thev must be more observing each vear. 
Geo P Hall 

On June 8th, in the San Diego Club 
House, the Floral Association celebrated 
its second birthday. The attendance 
reached over one hundred, and was rep- 
resentative, though many prominent 
members were unavoidably restrained 
from being there. The reports of the 
Secretary and Treasurer showed a bal- 
ance on hand of $90, and 261 members 
paid up. Not much of the President's 
report was taken up with reviewing the 
doings of the past year, but he feelingly 
referred to the passing from the ranks 
of Mrs. E. B. Scott and George Cooke, 
and the whole audience rose from their 
seats and remained standing a moment 
in reverent tribute to their memory. 
After brief remarks on the general con- 
duct of the Association for the coming 
year, he suggested the publication of a 
monthly magazine, to be the organ of 
the body and also a general garden 
guide for San Diego and vicinity. 

After acceptance of the reports, the 
following officers were elected for the 
the coming year : President, Alfred D. 
Robinson; First Vice-President, Mrs. 
Frank Salmons ; Second Vice-President, 
Hon. Lyman J. Gage ; Treasurer, L. A. 
Blochman; Secretary, Rodney Stokes, 
and these form the Directorate. The 
following committee was appointed to 
arrange for publication of magazine : L. 
A. Blochman, K. O. Sessions, Mrs. Ma- 
nasse, F. A. Frye and A. D. Robinson. 
At this point L. A. Blochman, acting as 
spokesman, in a neat speech presented 
the President with a token of esteem in 
which the members held him. It took 
the form of a glass flower bowl with a 
wavy, broad edge, beautifully decorated 
with a floral design, silver deposit, and 
inscribed, "A. D. Robinson, from his 
Floral Association friends, June 8, 
1909." It was filled with pink carna- 
tions and maidenhair. 

A pleasing musical program, refresh- 
ments and dancing concluded the enjoy- 
able occasion. 

The California Garden 

Published Monthly by the San Diego Floral Association 



Vol. 1 

San Diego, California, August, 1909 

No. 2 

We believe that the San Diego 
Floral Association and The California 
Garden are public institutions, merit- 
ing the . support of this community 
generally. In this belief we beg to 
emphasize a few points. The sub- 
scription to the association, including 
that to the magazine for one year, is 
only one dollar. This amount does 
not allow of the employment of paid 
services to advance its activities 
Those who bear the burden of this 
work are comparatively few in num- 
ber. Most of them are actively en- 
gaged in other business. Is it too 
much to ask every one to make the 
work as easy as possible? We think 
not. In this issue of The Garden are 
inserted two blank forms — one for 
subscription to the magazine, the 
other for application for membership 
to the association. The fiscal year of 
the association runs from June 1st to 
May 30th the following year, so that 
every member who has not paid since 
the first date is in arrears. We ask 
that every one will use the inserted 
blanks and save the association the 
expense and trouble of personal solic- 
itation. Do this at once, and encour- 
age those who are working unself- 
ishly to make San Diego a garden 

The first number of the California 
Garden has been well received. It 

has been pronounced "just what we 
want" by the real flower lovers. 
Every number can and will be im- 
proved as public support permits. 
Show your copy to your neighbors, 
and give them the opportunity of 
profiting by its timely and practical 
guidance. Write to the paper of your 
difficulties and successes; treat it as 
a friend indeed, and it will prove a 
friend in need. 

There are in this community, as in 
every other, individuals who have 
original information on gardening 
subjects and who are capable of ex- 
pressing such in intelligible language. 
To such The California Garden ofifers 
its columns. Further, it solicits such 
matter, as it desires to be itself and 
not a rehash of something else. 

The design that this month decor- 
ates the cover of California Garden is 
the work of A. R. Valentien, whose 
reputation as a floral artist is firmly 
and deservedly established throughout 
the States. The Matilija Poppy fur- 
nishes the motif, and is a most appro- 
priate selection for a publication in 
this section. Although much occupied 
at this time with a tremendous work, 
of which we hope to say more at some 
future time, Mr. Valentien volun- 
teered to donate a design for our 
cover, and that his ofifer was of mater- 
ial and decorative value to the maga- 
zine, our readers this month will fully 

The California Garden 



Have you watered faithfully dur- 
ing July ? Then keep right on during 
August — less on cloudy days, of 

When you water the shrubs, trees 
or roses at intervals you should 
avoid the mistake of digging a deep 
circular trench, or basin, around the 
plant and filling it with water. This 
trench-making means that the young 
roots of the plants are generally 
severely mutilated. It is a most perni- 
cious practice. It is much better to 
form a basin by scraping soil from a 
distance and making a ring or dam 
above the surface and using this basin 
thus formed to hold the water — twice 
filled should be sufficient. The second 
day after watering rake away the 
extra soil, cultivate the soil, not too 
deeply, unless the tree or shrub is 
large and well established. 

A permanent basin 2 to -3 inches 
deep and the surface mulched with 
grass clippings or sawdust is not to 
be misunderstood with the deep 
trench that destroys, or deep culti- 
vating with the hoe that cuts ofif good 
and new roots. The potato fork, a 
sort of hoe made from a pitchfork or 
spading fork, is the best cultivating 

The watsonias and freesias bulbs 
must be set this month for early re- 
sults, and if you did not get in the 
seed of good annuals for the winter 
in July there is still time to plant — 
but do so at once. 

The Chrysanthemums must be 
staked, and the young shoots forming 
in the axil of the leaves must be thor- 
oughly cut out, or the plants will have 
too many branches and too many 
buds, and then too many blooms to be 
prize-winners. Quality and not quan- 
tity is desirable in "mums." 

The new and strong shoots on roses 
should also be staked and directed 
from now on. 

If you have any of the clinging 
vines upon your house or fences, 
now is the time to direct their growth. 
The general culture for these vines 
is to keep the young and growing 
ends pressed closely against the sur- 
face that they are clinging to. If the 
surface is wood, then thin strips of 
wood, or even cloth, can hold them 
in place by tacking — but if the sur- 
face is cement, or stone or plaster, a 
small, thin board, held in place over 
the stems with a brace, or any simple 
contrivance you may choose, will do. 
However, if you wish to make the 
task very easy, plant a shingle against 
the house where the vine is to grow, 
and tack vine to the shingle. After 
the shingle is well covered the shoots 
will spread over the hard surface rap- 
idly. As the vines become attached 
and are thriving, if any shoots do not 
cling, or the wind blows them loose, 
cut them entirely ofif at the point 
where clinging stops. The new 
growth from that point will be sure to 

The ampelopsis vines — Boston Ivy 
and Virginia Creeper — prefer the 
north and shady sides and are decid- 
uous in the winter for two months 

The California Garden 

The ficus repens is evergreen 
and will flourish on the south side as 
well as on the other exposures. Very 
fine specimens of this vine are grow- 
ing on the south wall of the C. P. 
Douglass residence, northeast corner 
Second and Nutmeg streets, and only 
three years old. 

Ficus pumila is a very fine and 
dainty vine, but as yet is only grow- 
ing in the shady corners. It prom- 
ises to be very beautiful, but is a slow 

Bignonia Tweediana is an ever- 
green and loves to climb high. It is 
conspicuous on the high south chim- 
ney at the residence on the northwest 
corner of Walnut and First streets; 
also on the south side of the Congre- 
gational church. 

This vine should be pruned back 
each March for three years. Then it 
becomes a spreading and strong cling- 
ing vine. The vines on the church 
were pruned in April, for the first 
time since being planted nearly ten 
years ago. To observe the new 7 
growth on those old plants will be 
very interesting. The vine on the 
tower was not trimmed. It grows so 
rapidly after trimming and improves 
so much that one need not hesitate to 
cut back a plant that is thin and 
scraggly. This bignonia is excellent 
for trimming high chimneys, roofs 
and overhanging eaves. It blooms 
beautifully during May, with clear 
yellow flowers, two inches across. 

All these clinging vines need severe 
pruning when most dormant, and, in 
general, they should not be allowed to 
completely cover a surface, and never 

to cling to window casings and the 
glass but for the growing season. 

The very rough surface of many 
plastered houses and walls is not fav- 
orable for clinging vines. The 
smoother surface of cement, plaster 
or brick is much better for their cling- 

The English Ivy is the least desira- 
ble of clinging vines, because with age 
the stems become bare and very ugly. 
Severe and frequent pruning to the 
ground keeps the growth new and 
fresh and attractive. 



"And God walked with Adam in the garden in 
the cool of the evening. ' ' 

If I were asked to deliver a 
sermon I would choose this as my 
text. It comes to my mind every time 
I walk in my garden and try and in- 
terpret the thousand voices that rise 
up from ground and plant and shrub 
that whisper in the trees and float on 
the evening breeze. I have wondered 
at such times why every human being 
is not a gardener, why each and 
every one will not accept the invita- 
tion to walk with God in the garden 
in the cool of the evening. Surely 
those who do not, know nothing of 
what is there, and it is proposed by 
the California Garden to have a per 
sonally conducted walk every month. 

Come, this early August and' let 
me try and open your eyes to a few 
of the wonderful things God has pre- 
pared for them that love his work. 
We leave the dusty road, with its 
margin of parched weeds and shrubs, 

The California Garden 

whose appearance of death is so real 
that it requires quite an effort of faith 
to realize that they but sleep till the 
coming of the rains, and enter an 
avenue of Polyanthema Eucalyptus, 
planted but seventeen months, but 
which have grown from six-inch slips 
to 12-foot trees in that time. The 
warm weather, together w r ith water 
and cultivation, has started every 
nerve and fibre into a supreme effort 
of growth. The trunks swell so 
quickly that the outside bark splits 
and peels. The tips of the branches 
show plum colored against the grey 
of the matured leaves, and the whole 
tree rustles with the bursting life. 
There are over thirty of these trees, 
alike looked at as a whole, but vary- 
ing strangely when inspected closely, 
both in color and form. And all this 
was contained in less than a thimble- 
ful of seed two years ago. Another 
avenue of Ficifolia Eucalyptus crosses 
this one. These have been in such 
a hurry to attain to tlie dignity of 
trees, that in the same time they have 
topped the polyanthema by several 
feet, but they have let their ambition 
be their undoing. Their growth is 
soft, and they lean upon a stake to 
keep upright. Their ruddy tips bend 
earthwards, and sway with every puff 
of wind. Onlv one has made haste 
slowly, and that for a reward is 
crowned with brilliant scarlet bloom 
among which the bees buzz all day, 
when they can pass the lane lined with 
Lagunaria, all pink with its waxy 


Three long rows of double Sun- 
flowers insist upon notice. They 

blaze with the gold they have found 
in the earth, and they show the re- 
sult of as many experiments as those 
made by the seekers after the philos- 
opher's stone, only all are pure gold. 
Some flowers are round as a ball, with 
every petal even; others have a fringe 
of long petals; some curled like a 
chrysanthemum — the forms are num- 
berless. Yet all the seed came from 
one head. What fruitfulness — what 
a gigantic effort in five short months 
to produce that twelve-foot stalk, 
those enormous leaves, that mass of 
golden balls! Surely God walked in 
the garden. 

The roses are catching their breath 
after a hard three-months' work, and 
are storing energy to begin again. An 
occasional bloom marks their identity 
in most cases, but that glorious white 
Kaiserin Augusta Victoria is still 
crowned with bridal offerings; Gen- 
eral McArthur flaunts its red flag, 
and Madame Abel Chatenay blushes 
pink in the sunshine. Of course that 
dainty miniature, Madame Cecil 
Bruner, finds time to make flowers 
and throw out great strong new 
growth, too. She is perseverance 
personified, and should be in every 
lazy man's garden as an antidote. 

A bed of young carnations, grey 
like the sea when the sun is hidden 
by a cloud, is sending up its stiff 
stalks. It plainly says: "For months 
you have nipped me back when I tried 
to respond to your cultivation and 
other attentions — now let me bloom." 
And here and there, over the grey 
sea, are spots of color, pink and red 
and white, where the claws are reach- 

The California Garden 

ing out of the calyx. In a month's 
time the carnations will dominate the 
garden with their clove odor, and ev- 
ery morning yield up their blooms, 
glad to have energy to do it all over 


All the thousands of plants are at 
work — some storing energy, some giv- 
ing it out, possibly looking to the man 
who shall give them the environment 
they need, as a child trusts to its 
mother. Certainly returning him, for 
his labor, that health of mind and 
body which lies in the touch of mother 
earth and the things that grow 




August, the month of richest trea- 
sure of fruits and flowers, is also in 
California the month of most impor- 
tant plantings of the delicious straw- 
berry and useful tomato and potato — 
it being necessary to plant the latter 
during this month in order to ripen 
its full-measured crop before the cool 
nights of December arrive. 

We mentioned the needed prepara- 
tion of the soil for the strawberry, 
last month, but if the matter had been 
delayed, the spot where you wish to 
cultivate the acquaintance of the very 
best quality of the multitudinous 
strawberry family can still be made 
sufficiently rich by using well-rotted 
manure plowed or spaded in not more 
than three or four inches, after hav- 
ing plowed the spot deeply before, the 
object being to have the sub-soil well 

broken up and the fertilizer not too 
deep in the soil, as the strawberry is 
not a deep-rooted plant and is dis- 
tressed if it has to wait for the ele- 
vator to bring its supplies, it wants 
them near at hand, concealed suffic- 
iently to retain moisture and be a con- 
stant source of supply. For the cool 
weather months there is no straw- 
berry that has done better than the 
Saltzer, Brandywine as the later sum- 
mer cropper, with Lady Thompson, 
Dunlap, Senator or Klondike as fol- 
lowers. If strawberries are kept in 
constant bearing and the plants from 
these are taken, it is quite probable 
each season will make a little lower 
average in size and flavor. If pos- 
sible obtain plants from beds that are 
especially used for the rearing of the 
plants instead of fruit, then these 
plants will turn their best efforts to- 
ward supplying the table with choicest 
berries. It is well to plant two or 
three varieties, as some strawberries 
are not self-fertile. All the above 
mentioned are, however, but in intro- 
ducing new varieties it is important to 
know from the dealer if they are self- 
fertile or need the presence of a stam- 
inate variety in order to insure fruit 
production rather than being com- 
pelled to sing "Nothing but Leaves/' 
If planted in August and well cared 
for, you may reasonably expect a 
small crop by Christmas, and with- the 
Saltzer an increase every month 
thereafter during the winter. 

In the vegetable line the planting 
of potatoes is most important, as it 
brings the principal crop for winter 
use. Care should be taken to plant 

The California Garden 

good tubers of medium size, or good- 
sized pieces. One in a hill is better 
then several small pieces. Select the 
smooth, thin-skinned tubers, with eyes 
not deeply sunk in the tuber. Be sure 
and plant in a different place, if pos- 
sible, from where you planted them 
last February, especially if there were 
any signs of scab, or the soil was full 
of insects; and, in any event, if the 
ground has been used a long time a 
good coating of unslaked lime will be 
an aid in fidding the spot of both scab 
and worms. The potato is a lover of 
nitrogen and potash — .21 nitrogen, 
.29 potash and .07 phosphoric acid — 
so if you sow the soil with nitrate of 
soda at rate of 300 pounds per acre 
(put on one-third before planting, one- 
third two weeks apart after potatoes 
are up) you will add largely to the 
increase of your crop. Nitrate of 
soda is easily dissolved, like salt or 
sugar, and while it does the land little 
service it is an immediately available 
source of food for the potato. Most 
of our soils have sufficient potash, but, 
if needed, the sulphate of potash is 
preferable to the muriate for potatoes, 
and a few pounds added to the soil 
before planting will be beneficial. If 
you have it, the sweepings from the 
chicken yard applied in the furrows, 
before planting, will furnish the need- 
ed phosphoric acid; but for single 
crop vegetables, that quickly make 
their round of life, you need a quick- 
acting stimulant like nitrogen to urge 
the progress to best results. Septem- 
ber and October are often quite warm, 
and particular attention should be 
given to see that the soil never gets 

dry to a point where the potato suf- 
fers for moisture. If it does, the crop 
will fail. 

It is just as important to get a good 
start with the tomato crop for winter 
bearing so they will set an abundance 
of fruit for winter-ripening. They, 
too, are fond of nitrogen, and it can 
most cheaply be secured in nitrate of 
soda, which you can procure from 
seedsmen at a cost of 4 cents a pound. 
Use about same proportions as for 
potatoes, only sow on the surface and 
dissolve with the irrigation water af- 
ter plants are well started. 

Crimson Cushion, Livingstones, 
Acme and Trophy are good for win- 
ter, as well as the Earliana and Ger- 
mains' Winter Queen. If you have 
some especially good plants, that you 
know bear fine tomatoes, layer some 
of the lower limbs and let them take 
root, then transplant them for bear- 
ing; or cuttings if well-watered and 
shaded will bring good results. Be 
sure and get healthy plants. Juvenile 
tomatoes are apt to catch all that is 
going. It is well to treat them to a 
spraying of Bordeaux occasionally, 
on the same principle that Hans licked 
the boy — he would need it sometime, 
if not then. 

Quite late enough for pepper and 
egg plants, okra and sweet potatoes, 
but if well cared for will come out be- 
fore Mr. John Frost arrives. On the 
uplands, plant all the beets, cabbage, 
lettuce and small fry you did not plant 
last month. 

Too late for watermelons, and cu- 
cumbers will be displeased because 
they have to come to second table. 

The California Garden 

They detest being sprinkled on hot 
days in Autumn. 

It takes corn 75 to 90 days to make 
roasting* ears, so if planted now would 
be in by Thanksgiving. 

Kentucky Wonder or wax beans 
will be ready for use in from 60 to 75 
days, and you can get a good crop of 

Plant the usual monthly rows of 
peas and spinach — never out of time to 
plant them — and if you want greens, 
like you had in "Mizzoury," put in a 
row of mustard. If you want some- 
thing to remember the season by plant 
garlic, leeks and onions, — all good 
breath developers for grand opera oc- 

It is a good month to put in catnip, 
pennyroyal, hoarhound and rue. Be 
sure and keep the soil well pulverized 
at the surface so as to hold the mois- 
ture you put in the irrigation furrows 
close beside your plants. Break up 
and cover with two or three inches of 
dry soil, as soon as the rows are dry 
enough not to stick to the hoe when 
you stir them. Irrigation and aera- 
tion in August are very important 
operations for the benefit of both plant 
and soil. 



Our illustration this month shows 
a hanging basket of Maidenhair Fern 
and a Bertha McGregor begonia. Its 
dimensions are four and a half feet 
wide by three feet deep, and individ- 
ual fronds of the maidenhair measure 
twenty-eight inches. Every part of 

it has grown without other protec- 
tion than the ordinary lath-house, and 
within the last five months, although, 
of course, the roots have been well 
established in the hanging basket for 
two years. Last year its growth was 
equally large and fine. 

The variety of maidenhair is the 
Cuneatum — that usually grown by 
the florists for cutting until a few 
years ago, when another Crowean- 
num came into favor. There are a 
large number of the maidenhair ferns, 
but most of them require greenhouse 
conditions, and a bare half-dozen 
kinds have succeeded with me under 
lath in this locality — the two named; 
Aethiopicum, a very wide-spreading 
fronded variety, of light color, ex- 
ceedingly handsome; Pedatum, Gra- 
cilimum, a charming tiny-leaved 
thing; and Grandiceps, the latter hav- 
ing a well-defined tassel on each frond. 
Possibly a brief account of the treat- 
ment given this basket may be help- 
ful. As stated, it is in a lath-house, 
protected overhead and to the South 
by other growth, and of course shel- 
tered from direct wind or draught. In 
the afternoon it gets quite consider- 
able sunlight filtered through the lath. 
The material used in making up the 
basket was leafmold from under a 
scrub oak and spaghnum moss, which 
has not been renewed in the two years. 
The good growth I largely ascribe to 
keeping it always wet, and using 
manure water twice a week when the 
growth was most vigorous, but none 
during the resting period. This 
manure water is easily made by steep- 
ing preferably cow manure (quite 

The California Garden 

fresh if other is not handy) in water, 
and then diluting for use to the color 
of weak tea. No such stimulant when 
basket was at all dry or dormant. In 
watering J was careful to wet the 
whole mass. Another element in suc- 
cess I believe to be the hanging basket, 
rather than a pot, as it allows of copi- 
ous drenching with perfect drainage, 
and 1 prefer to keep the ground under 
the basket wet also at all times, the 
rising of the moisture to the leaves 
being" a valuable assistance to their 
perfect development. 



During the month of August the 
roses are losing some of the «"race 
and beauty they had during the 
spring. Many sorts are dormant, 
and the varieties which bloom are 
producing flowers of a poor quality. 
It is preferable to not allow them 
to grow this time of the year — they 
want some rest. 

As a rule, do not sprinkle the rose- 
bushes — irrigate them. By so doing 
you will avoid the troublesome mildew 
of the foliage, which weakens the 
vitality of the branches that will pro- 
duce the blooming shoots later on. 

The mildew is far worse in some 
sections than others, and certain vari- 
eties are particularly subject to it. 
Powdered sulphur applied promptly 
on the foliage as soon as disease ap- 
pears (in the morning is the best 
time) will check its progress. 

Aphis, or green flies, insects which 
appear on the new soft wood, can be 

kept off your plants by sprinkling 
with a strong stream of water. If 
persistent, tobacco water and a little 
whale-oil soap, thoroughly dissolved, 
will keep them in check. 

After each irrigating around rose- 
bushes, cultivate and stir the soil 
thoroughly. Remove the weak 
branches of the last year's growth. 
They will not produce blooms of good 
quality and absorb some of the energy 
of the plants for future blooming 




If those who have studied the ways 
of the Indians of Northern Mexico 
report correctly, we must give credit 
to the prehistoric ancestors of these 
Indians for being the first ones to 
scientifically cultivate the semi-arid 
soil, actually evolving a process of 
automatic irrigation and fertilization. 

The garden of a Mexican Indian 
is a revelation. He uses a wooden 
plow, very likely of the same pattern 
used a thousand, maybe ten thousand 
years, ago. He watches the clouds 
and takes good care to plow his 
garden deeply and well, and at the 
right time, opening up this automatic 
reservoir to receive every drop of rain 
that falls, and then destroying cap- 
illary attraction and evaporation 
by harrowing the soil, and, as it were, 
sealing up with a moisture-proof 
blanket of mulch the fallen water. 

Who taught the Indian that a 
crusted garden surface, firm and sun- 


The California Garden 

baked, was nothing more or less than 
equivalent to putting tubes into the 
earth through which the rays of the 
sun could draw up the water from a 
hundred inches down to feed it to the 
thirsty air? 

Again, who taught the Indian that 
sagebrush soil, when opened up and 
cultivated, admitting the right amount 
of moisture and air, becomes auto- 
matically fertilized through the bac- 
teriazation of the nitrogen in the soil? 

The farmer of the dry lands, who 
has no irrigating ditch or means, ex- 
cept the clouds above, follows the 
example of the prehistoric Mexican 
Indian, but his method is referred to 
as "Scientific Dry Farming." 

It is this method of cultivating the 
soil, this, as it were, automatic irri- 
gating and fertilizing of the two 
hundred millions of acres of dry land 
"above the ditch", in this great south- 
western country, that is to give us 
our wheaten bread supply of the 

And the moral of all this is : Culti- 
vate, cultivate, cultivate ! Dig deeply, 
store up the moisture and cultivate 
your garden, remembering that a 
crusted surface is nothing more nor 
less than an automatic suction pump, 
that, under the sun's fierce rays, 
never stops working. 

A well-dug garden and constant 
mulching" of the surface is worth 
more, in the estimation of those who 
know, than surface sprinkling every 
little while. 

If you want a garden you will be 
proud of, a prize garden, cultivate, 
and cultivate some more. 

Report of Regular Monthly Meet- 
ing of San Diego Floral 

The warm evenings of July 
brought the long expected treat to 
the Floral Association of meeting 
with Mrs. Jarvis L. Doyle and enjoy- 
ing her hospitality under those glori- 
ous pepper trees in her garden at 3328 
G Street. Chinese lanterns illumined 
by electric light gave a soft light on 
the groups of members chatting 
around and partaking of the delicious 
refreshments. It was a garden party 
as well as a most interesting meeting. 
The session opened with the introduc- 
tion of The California Garden, and 
those present expressed themselves as 
more than pleased with the initial 

The matter of a floral exhibit at 
the Chamber of Commerce rooms was 
fully discussed, resulting in the ap- 
pointment of the following committee 
to furnish flowers for the month on 
the days mentioned: Monday, A. D. 
Robinson; Wednesday, M. German; 
Friday, Mrs. T. J. Daley. 

A number of specimens of flowers 
were exhibited, and their culture and 
habits discussed, among which might 
be mentioned : Campanula and Scabi- 
osa, Mrs. T. J. Daley; Wild Azalea 
and Tiger Lilies from Palomar 
Mountain, Mrs. Ed. Fletcher ; Double 
Sunflowers and Roses, the President. 

During the evening Mrs. Arm- 
strong gave some charming recita- 
tions," "The Petrified Fern," and 
others; and the whole evening was 
as enjoyable as any the association 
has had in its history. 

The California Garden 

i i 

The Fall Floral Exhibition 

As has been its custom for the last 
two years, fhe San Diego Floral Asso- 
ciation will give a fall -exhibition the 
end of October, and for the guidance 
of intending exhibitors it desires to 
call attention to the classes for which 
awards will be made, to the end that 
specimens may be fitted for exhibition. 

Chrysanthemums will be given 
great prominence, it being the fall 
flower par excellence. Roses will be 
taken care of, though, in limited 
classes. Carnations should be largely 
in evidence, and there is the Associa- 
tion handsome cup for the best twelve 
of any one variety. Dahlias ought 
to make a much better showing than 
they have done so far. Annuals and 
perennials will not be forgotten. 

House plants of all kinds, palms, 
ferns, hanging baskets, in fact, every 
form of growth that shows well at 
that time of year will have its oppor- 
tunity. The San Diego Floral Associ- 
ation urges its members and all flow- 
er-lovers to make an effort to be an 
exhibitor. Although it is expected that 
all exhibits shall have been grown on 
the property of the exhibitor for at 
least two months there is plenty of 
time to secure a specimen now, if one 
is not on hand. The value of an ex- 
hibition lies largely in the ever- 
increasing numbers of its exhibitors 
as an expression of a growing interest 
in floriculture, and the hard-working 
citizens behind this movement have 
a right to expect this endorsement of 
their unselfish interests. 

The full premium list is in prepar- 

ation and will be published in the Sep- 
tember number of The California 

Notice of August Meeting 

The Floral Association will meet 
with Mrs. T. J. Daley, 2929 First 
Street, the evening of August 10th. 
Take Third Street car and get off at 
the corner of Fir ; or the D and First 
car, which passes the door. 

A very interesting program has 
been prepared. Carnations will be 
discussed, with specimen blooms to 
illustrate, and advice given as to the 
care of chrysanthemums at this sea- 
son. A good musical program will 
also be rendered. All members are 
urged to bring specimens from their 
garden, and especially carnations. 

The Rev. W. Thorp will deliver an 
address on the "Ethics of the Floral 
Association. " 

The walls of the hospitable Daley 
house should fairly crack with the 
crowded attendance. 

NOTE — Those interested in new 
and valuable fruits for small gardens 
will be interested in reading a valu- 
able article in the July "Pacific Gar- 
den" by D. W. Coolidge of Pasadena, 
on the Feijoa. This journal is among 
the periodicals of the Floral Associa- 
tion at the Chamber of Commerce. 
Another article on 'Cistrums'" in the 
same number is of value and interest. 


The California Garden 

The California Garden 


At 858 Third Street, San Die^o, California 

Subscription, per year ....... . 50 cents 


One page $10.00 

One-half page 5.00 

One-quarter page 2.50 

One-eighth page 1.50 

Copy for advertisements must be in by the 25th of each 

Hargrave and his family, and their 
efforts met with hearty applause. Dr. 
Louise Heilbron recited "The Moss 
Rose", by request, and many a mem- 
ber who heard her had added regrets 
that this variety won't grow in San 

The committee to supply flowers 
for Chamber of Commerce exhibit 
was named as follows: Monday, Miss 
Sessions; Wednesday, Mrs. T. J, 
Daley; Friday, Miss Mathews. 

Report of August Meeting of the Macadamia Ternifolia— 

San DiegO Floral Association A beautiful evergreen tree bearing de- 

lieious nuts. 

Mr. and Mrs. T. J. Daley enter- 
tained the Association at their home 
on First street, on the evening of Au- 
gust 10th. The members turned out 
in force, fully a hundred being pres- 
ent. Letters from strangers in San 
Diego, who had received flowers with 
the Association tag attached, were 
read and they feelingly expressed ap- 
preciation of what was to them a 
novel feature in civic activities. Miss 
Sessions gave a most practical talk as 
to the proper treatment of chrysanthe- 
mums at this season, and illustrated 
her advice with a sample plant she 
brought with her. Her remarks were 
received with much interest, and 
many questions were put and an- 

The president introduced the sub- 
ject of carnations, and showed sev- 
eral specimen blooms he had grown 
from seedlings at Point Loma, — one 
an immense flower four inches in di- 
ameter. Miss Mathews sent some 
fine gladiolus. It was decided to hold 
the next meeting at Lemon Grove in 
the afternoon of September 9, and 
committees were appointed to arrange 
for transportation and program.. 

Music was provided by Professor 

Feijoa — 

A beautiful flowering shrub that bears 
a delicious fruit. 

Pleroma Splendens — 

About the choicest ornamental shrub 
to be found, witli foliage of velvet and 
royal purple flowers. 

Write for List. 


Pasadena, California. 

Cbc Pacific Garden 


Art of Gardening 

Indispensable to the 

Amateur and Professional Gardener 

who would be successful in growing 
flowers in the peculiar climate of 

Published by The Gardeners' Asso- 
ciation of Pasadena. Price 10 cents 
the copy, $1.00 per year. 


Pasadena, California. 

The California Garden j 3 

a Marston's c ™ 

Apparel For Men and Women 




Dependable Merchandise at Just Prices 


71NN0UNCES that she has taken o\)er the Retail Cut FlovVer business, pre- 
viously conducted by Miss K. 0. Sessions, at 1123 Fifth St., aboOe C. 
3// design vOork .and decorating \0ill be giVen special attention. 

Miss Rainford wishes to make all friends and members of the San Diego Floral 
Association welcome at all times to the use of phones, desks, and all available information. 

Phones: Sunset, 297; Home 1297. 1123 Fifth Street. 

yVl/55 K. 0. SESSIONS 

GrovCer of Plants 



on THIRD STREET, for the ^^T^* THIS MONTH 

NURSERY J on Winter Stevia, Gaillardias, Penstemons, 

Fifteen Minutes from D St. Fuchsias, Freesias, Watsonias 

Nearpass Seed Store 


Fancy Kentucky Blue Grass and White Clover for Lawns 

Exclusive Agent for West Coast Scale Foe, best tree wash made. Now is 
the time to spray for black scale. We carry Bordeaux Mixture in cans, all 
ready to mix with water. We also have granulated sheep manure, free 
from weed seeds, just the fertilizer for lawns and flowers, at $1.75 per 100 lbs. 

We Have the Largest Stock of Seeds in the County. Everything Fresh and Reliable 

522 Sixth St., just below the Sixth Street Store. Phones: Sunset, Main 893, Home 2676 

i4 The California Garden 

If you do not know where else to buy it 

Hazard, Gould & Company 


Fifth, Sixth, Seventh and G Streets 

Roses, Palms and Ornamental Plants 


E. Benard, Proprietor, can now supply trees and plants of every description grojvn 
in boxes, which will not be retarded in growth by planting 

PHONES—Home 9, Suburban 262 (Old Town); Sunset, Hain 2821 

To reach the Nursery, take Third St. and Mission Hill car to terminus, go west 525 yards, 

turn to right through the canyon road. Fifteen minutes walk. 
P. O. Address, R. F. D. Route No. 2, Box 156, San Diego, Cal. 


Fine View, Level, Best Soil for Gardening. Plenty of Water. Close to City 

"Ocean Beach Park" and "Bird Rock Beach" Specialties 


M. HALL, Agent, 1310 D Street (Established 1886) 

Frye & Smith, printers 


The California Garden 


Banking Company 

Commercial and Savings 

In ALL its Branches 

635 Fifth Street 

San Diego, Cal. 


merchants national Bank 

of San Diego 

(The Roll of Honor Bank) 
Granger Block, Cor. Fifth and D Sts. 

Capital (Fully-paid) - - $100,000.00 

Surplus and Profits (All earned) 240,000.00 

This Bank has the largest surplus of any 
bank in San Diego, and on the "Roll of 
Honor," published by "The Financier" 
of New York City. It not only stands 
first in the City of San Diego, but fourth 
in the State of California. 

Every accommodation consistent with 
good banking, extended our customers. 

RALPH GRANGER, President, 

F. R. BURNHAM, Vice-President, 
H. R. ROGERS, Cashier, 

H. E. ANTHONY, Assistant Cashier 


into the heart of your pocketbook by our prices 
and quality of goods. We're cutting a wide 
swath and prominent mention is made of 

Scythes, Sickles, Hoes, Rakes, Spades, Shovels, 
Wheelbarrows, Lawn Mowers and Garden Hose 

from 10c to 20c per foot, "the sort that gives service. 

'A word to the wise, " etc. 

> > 

t < 


Our Hobby, "Good Service. 1 

Pierce=Field Hardware Company 

751 Fifth Street 

Order Your Fertilizer From Allen's Dairy 




Harris Seed Company 

1632 M Street, between Seventh and Eighth 

A Fine Lot of FRESH B ULBS and FLO WER SEEDS just in and ready for distribution 

Try a can of BO NORA, the wonderful new Plant Food 

Seeds and Ornamentals of All Kinds 

Exclusive Agents for San Dimas Citrus Nurseries 
Send in your orders now for Fruit Trees of all kinds 

Fresh and Vigorous True to Name 



926 Sixth Street San Diego, Cal. 


I A |rtistic photographic gems 




Water Colors, Sepia Bromides and Platinums of California Scenery 

Attractive Calendars, Artistic Framing 

Southern Trust & Savings Bank 

U. S. Grant Hotel Building 

We Solicit Your Business 



President Vice-President, Cashier. 

The San Diego Floral Association wishes to thank the fol- 
lowing individuals and firms who have shown their interest in 
the production of this facsimile of the 1909 California Garden, 
by helping to underwrite its cost. 

First National Trust and Savings Bank of San Diego 

Gould Hardware and Machinery Company 

The M. Hall Company 


Miss Alice Rainford 

Dr. Ralph Roberts, in tribute to Miss K. O. Sessions 

San Diego Co-Operative Poultry Association 

San Diego Hardware Company 

Rodney Stokes Company 

Mr. Harold Taylor 

Appreciation is also extended to the following advertisers who 
relinquished their regular space in the "Summer" issue, to let us 
present this Souvenir copy. 

A & A Tree Service 

8160 Guatay, San Diego. HO 9-7096 

Walter Andersen Nursery 

3860 Rosecrans, San Diego. CY 6-625 1 

Bennett's Garden Center 

7555 Eads Ave., La Jolla. GL 4-4241 

Broadway Florists, Broadway at Ninth, San Diego. BE 9-1228 

Carolyn Beauty Shop, 121 W. Juniper, San Diego. BE 4-5344 

Curtis Coleman Company — Realtors, 204 Bank of America 
Bldg, San Diego. BE 3-6557 

DeHaan's Shoreline Nurseries, 1630 Highway 101, Leucadia. 
PL 3-2933 

Hazard Bloc, Friars Road and Cabrillo Freeway, San Diego. 
CY 5-0051 

Hillside Nursery, 7580 Hillside Drive, La Jolla. 

Rainford Flower Shop, 2140 Fourth Ave., San Diego. 
BE 3-7101 

San Diego Floral Association 

President Alfred D. Robinson 

First Vice-President Mrs. Frank Salmons 

Second Vice-President Hon. Lyman J. Gage 

Treasurer L. A. Bi,ochman 

Secretary Rodney Stokes 

868 Third Street 


To promote knowledge of Floriculture. 

To stimulate the intelligent love of flowers. 

To beautify the house, school and public grounds of San Diego. 

To hold flower exhibitions. 

To exploit the geniality of this section from the point of view of the lover 
of flowers. 

And all such other matters as may pi^perly pertain to such an Association.